SLM-certified judges are appointed to manage official competitions. The judges can ask other pupils – from one to a maximum of three and at least of Padawan level – to assist him in supervising the meeting, also assigning them the appointment of supervising specific aspects of the meeting, such as respect of the combat area or time keeping. If no certified staff are present, the competitions can be managed by competition judges chosen by the organizer, according to guidelines given in any form – even orally – by the SLM. The judge assigns points according to the regulations in force, imposes cautions and penalties, and declares the winner of the combat. He can also decide not to assign a point if there is a dubious action or he can view video material – if it exists – for technical matters, scores or disciplinary provisions. Finally, he can interrupt combat, autonomously or on request from one of his assistants or the fighters, for safety reasons or to protect the fighters. The judge can reprimand a fighter for the following reasons: – Execution of techniques considered to be dangerous for own or others’ safety; – Execution of techniques not authorised for use; – Protests or other offensive, insulting, abusive, threatening or blasphemous behaviour; – Anti sporting conduct; – Lack of fighting spirit. The judge can inflict a penalty – by removing a point – on a fighter, after: – Repeated conduct as set out in article 3, after a reprimand; – More serious cases of anti sporting or violent conduct. Where present by appointment or nomination, the judge’s rulings are final and unquestionable. Free meetings – also official – between pupils can be carried out without a judge.